Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) or Tying-Up is a broad term that is frequently used to describe a wide variety of muscle disorders that affect the performance horse. Typical signs of Tying-Up include a horse which becomes stiff, sweats, and is reluctant to move. There is generally a massive contraction of the muscle groups along the back and rump of the horse. The muscles contract and do not relax.
Muscle disorders are a frequent cause of poor performance in horses and Tying-Up is one of the most common syndromes. It is often mistakenly assumed that any horse with muscle pain or cramping after exercise has ‘Tied-Up’, and because of this there is a lot of confusion and controversy around the diagnosis, causes and management of affected horses. Most cases of Tying-Up are not that severe and usually present in a horse that has been off for several days and is then exercised aggressively.[vc_single_image image=”19965″ img_size=”full” onclick=”custom_link” img_link_target=”_blank” link=”https://www.plusvital.com/product/ty-relief/”]Lactic acid accumulation in the muscle and bloodstream can lead to muscle stiffness, tying-up (cramping of the muscles) and damage to the muscle fibres. Damage severity varies and can result in anything from mild stiffness to an inability to move. This can happen sporadically and acutely or in a more recurrent nature. The acute form can happen for several reasons, with lactic acidosis being a large contributing factor.
Management of a single Tying-Up episode or of a chronic case is dependent on the cause. Training programs should be designed with care, and intensity and duration increased slowly to avoid overexertion, particularly in a horse with chronic ER.
Diet and exercise are closely linked to Tying-Up and the most important preventative strategies are based upon diet and exercise management. Some horses are healthy athletes that ‘Tie-Up’ sporadically likely due to exercise in excess of their training level, electrolyte depletion, or dietary imbalances. They often respond well to rest, a gradual return to a graduated training regime, and balancing the diet. Other horses will suffer from chronic episodes of Tying-Up that can be debilitating. While the condition can take on various forms, proper management, training, and a balanced diet are essential components to minimize episodes.
Plusvital Ty-Relief is aimed at neutralising any lactic acid that accumulates in the bloodstream or skeletal muscles. The product also contains branched chain amino acids, which make up 35% of the amino acids in skeletal muscle proteins, and are included to assist any repair required to muscle fibres after an episode of tying-up. Natural Vitamin E is included to help deal with free radicals that may cause damage to skeletal muscle cell structure through oxidative lipid stress.
Learn more about Plusvital Ty-Relief here.